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Ecology and Environment Notes Pdf for all competitive examinations like RO, ARO,PCS, SSC Etc

Ecology and Environment are asked in every competitive examination. Here we are going to provide Ecology and Environment Notes pdf in English and Hindi. So those who want to study this topic in English/Hindi can download the Pdf from the below-given link. Many examinations like Allahabad High Court RO ARO and PCS examination there are many questions asked from the Population Ecology Urbanization and Environment. Here we are providing the best notes for this topic.

Ecology deals with the trained study of structure and function of nature, whereas specialists) ar environmental science, with somewhat vague and for the sustain limitless boundaries, is primarily concerned with the generation of the interrelationships of humanity among other liv- predict, planing organisms and the non-living physical resources. environment. ( Ecology And Environment Notes Pdf )


The environment is the natural component in which biotic (living) and abiotic (nonliving) factors interact with each other. These interactions shape the habitat and ecosystem of an organism.


Ecology is the branch of biology concerned with the relations of organisms to one another (energy flow and mineral cycling) and to their physical surroundings (environment).

Ecology encompasses the study of individuals, organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, biomes & biosphere which form the various levels of ecological organization. ( Ecology And Environment Notes Pdf )


An ecosystem can be visualised as a functional unit of nature, where living organisms [producers, consumers and decomposers] interact among themselves and also with the surrounding physical environment. In the ecosystem, biotic and abiotic components are linked together through nutrient cycles and energy flows.

Ecology And Environment Notes Pdf:-

If you want to deep knowledge about this topic then you have to download the below pdf and read all the concepts given in it. This pdf is designed by the Drishti IAS coaching Institute.

Download Pdf NowIn English

Download Environment and Ecology notes of Vision IASIn Hindi

Some Questions Related to Environment and Ecology

1. Which one of the following National Parks lies completely in the temperate alpine zone?
(a) Manas National Park
(b) Namdapha National Park
(c) Neora Valley National Park
(d) Valley of Flowers National Park

2. In the context of which one of the following are the terms ‘pyrolysis and plasma gasification mentioned?
(a) Extraction of rare earth elements
(b) Natural gas extraction technologies
(c) Hydrogen fuel-based automobiles
(d) Waste-to-energy technologies

3. Which of the following are in Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve? ( Ecology And Environment Notes Pdf )
(a) Neyyar, Peppara and Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
(b) Mudumalai, Sathyamangalam and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Silent Valley National Park
(c) Kaundinya, Gundla Brahmeswaram and Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Mukurthi National Park
(d) Kawal and Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve

4. Which one of the following is the national aquatic animal of India?
(a) Saltwater crocodile (b) Olive ridley turtle
(c) Gangetic dolphin (d) Gharial

5. Which one of the following is associated with the issue of control and phasing out of the use of ozone-depleting substances?
(a) Bretton Woods Conference
(b) Montreal Protocol
(c) Kyoto Protocol
(d) Nagoya Protocol

6. BioCarbon Fund Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes’ is managed by the
(a) Asian Development Bank
(b) International Monetary Fund
(c) United Nations Environment Programme
(d) World Bank

This is all about the Ecology And Environment Notes Pdf For All Competitive Examinations Like RO, ARO, PCS, SSC Etc. Please download and share this post with your friends too. You can also find many useful notes on this website so keep surfing Thanks.

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