How to become a Judge in India

Judge selection process in court

There are many ways by which you can become part of the Indian Judicial system. You can become Advocate, Public Prosecutor, Legal Advisor, etc. Here in this article, I am going to share with you the complete details about how to become a Judge in India. You will get to know the complete Process to become Judge in India and what types of Exams you will need to clear for this and how many vacancies are there and what is required eligibility Criteria to apply for the post of Judge at the High Courts or Lower courts etc. To get complete details about this, You must check out the complete article below. I have shared all the details about this.

How to become Judge in India

Become a Judge in India:

A Judge has the last says in the court. He/she is the person who gives the judgment after hearing the complete case. Judges decide what is right or what is wrong in the Court. It is such a powerful position, so don’t expect it to be easy. First of all, If you want to become a Judge in India. You must have a law degree from any college or Institute or University which is recognized by the Bar Council of India. Once you become a Lawyer, you will be eligible to apply for the judge’s entry.

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Once you become a lawyer, You can apply for the Bar Council of India registration to be an Advocate and after that, you can practice as an Advocate in the court. If you want to become a Judge, you will need to apply for the Judiciary Exam. Let’s discuss step by step.

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Step-1: (How to become a Judge in India)

If you have Aim to become a Judge in India, First of all, you should have to do a law course from any Bar council recognized Institute/University.

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Step-2: (How to become High Court Judge)

Now, You have to apply for the State Judicial Service Examination which is conducted by the State Governments from time to time. Every state has its own process and procedure for the examination but the basic process is the same for all states. To get selected as a judge in India, you have to follow the complete selection process. In the Selection process, one will have to appear for the two Phases of Written Examination which is called a Preliminary Exam and Mains Exam. After passing this both exams, One will proceed for the Interview cum Personality Test.

In most of the states, The preliminary Exam is Objective Type with Multiple choice Answer while the Mains Exam is completely descriptive. The Interview is also tough, you will need to be very better to clear that. Now let’s see the required eligibility Criteria which is mandatory to have to apply for the Judge’s Entry.

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Eligibility Criteria To Become Judge:-

There are some required eligibility Criteria which is mandatory to have to apply for the State Judicial service examination like:

  • The age of the candidate should not be less than 21 years old and it should not be more than 35 years old.
  • There are some relaxation has been given to the candidates who belong to the SC/ST or Other Backwards class etc. To get complete details about the relaxation Criteria, you must check out the official website of the Exam’s conducting body. The relaxation Criteria is different in every state of India.
  • Must have a Law Degree.
  • Must be a Citizen of India.

This is the only eligibility criteria to become judge which are required to have to apply for this entry. If you have such an aim to become a judge in India. You must study harder. This is one of the powerful position and the competition is too much Because all newly law Graduates apply for this and even advocates who are practising at the courts, they too apply every year unless their age gets over.

I would suggest,  If you want to become Judge, Take admission in any law college and start preparation for this right then. Clear your academics and then move to the competitive books. Do not apply for the Bar council registration after the degree. Prepare your syllabus and appear for the exam etc. It is tough to clear in the first attempt but it is not impossible.

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There is no other way to become judge Except Judicial examination. In order to become a Judge in the Supreme Court of India. The Process and eligibility Criteria are completely different. Let’s see that.

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The process to become Judge in Supreme Court of India:

The Supreme Court of India has its own Selection Panel and Judges are appointed by the President of India. There are some required eligibility Criteria which is mandatory to have to apply for the Judge’s selection at the Supreme Court of India.

  • A candidate must be a citizen of India.
  • Must have judicial experience as Judge at the High Court for five years and lower courts for two years.
  • There is no age barrier in this. The minimum age must be at least 21 years old.

These are the process to become a Judge in India. The High and lower courts judges are selected through the State Judicial Service Examination. You must see the complete details about this examination to understand better.

FAQ related to How to Become a Judge:-

Q- How much Does a judge earn in India?

Ans- A Judge earn a handsome salary and this is decided by the central government of India if you become Judge in any high court or supreme court you can earn at least 225000 per month, the salary of chief justice of India is around 250000 per month.

Q- How can I become Judge after 12th?

Ans- The minimum educational eligibility criteria are 2-year law degree after graduation, but you can also do a law degree of 5-year integrated course after class 12, and after the completion of a law degree, you have to appear for the PCS J examination for becoming a Judge.

Q- How to become a District Judge?

Ans-If you want to become a District Judge, then you have to gain at least 7-year practice experience in any lower court for eligible to apply as District Judge.