UPSC Syllabus 2020, Full Details About Exam Pattern and Syllabus

UPSC IAS Pre Mains Syllabus

The Union Public Service Commission conducts many examinations of India A Grade Examination. UPSC is also known for conducting the toughest examination for the recruitment of officers. Here in this article, I am going to share with you the complete UPSC Syllabus 2020 and share with you the Exam Pattern of this, etc. The UPSC Conducts the two phases of Exam, UPSC Premilinary exam, and Mains Exam, etc. The Syllabus of both exams is different. Here I will share with you the UPSC Mains Syllabus in PDF and Preliminary Syllabus etc. Check the article for complete details:

UPSC DCIO Syllabus, Exam Pattern and Selection Process In Details

UPSC Syllabus 2020, Full Details About Exam Pattern and Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus 2020, Full Details About Exam Pattern and Syllabus:

To Understand the UPSC Syllabus, you have to read the complete article. The Syllabus of the UPSC Examination consists of the NCERT Books. To get selected through the UPSC, one will have to clear the two phases of examination, which are the Preliminary Exam, commonly known as Pre and Mains Exam, etc. The syllabus and the nature of the phases of paper are different. Let’s first see the Exam Pattern and syllabus of the UPSC Preliminary Syllabus, and after that, we will see the UPSC Mains Syllabus 2020, etc.

UPSC Preliminary Exam Pattern:

PaperNumber of Questions  Time Duration
General Studies Paper I100 Questions2 Hours
General Studies Paper-II (CSAT – Qualifying only)80 Questions2 Hours
  • All the Questions in this will be asked in Objective type with Multiple choice Answer.
  • Total marks 200 of each.
  • For the General Studies, A candidate will be awarded 2 marks for each correct answer and 0.66 marks would be deducted for each wrong response.
  • For the CSAT: A candidate will be given 2.5 marks for each correct answer and 0.83 marks will be deducted for each wrong response.

UPSC Preliminary Syllabus:

In the Union Public Service Commission(UPSC) Preliminary Exam. A candidate will have to prepare for two papers:

  • General Studies I (General Ability Test)
  • General Studies II (CSAT) Civil Service Aptitude Test

Now let’s see it in detail. what are the topics that one has to prepare in this?

General Ability Test:

  • History
  • Geography
  • Economy
  • Events and Happening of National Importance
  • Impact of Geography in the country
  • Governance and Constitutional Structure
  • Current Issues faced by the country
  • Economic and Social Development
  • Research and Development
  • Scientific Developments

There is nothing fix in this, you need to prepare the complete syllabus that is related to the general knowledge and current affair, etc.

CSAT (Civil Service Aptitude Test):

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy like:
  • Numbers and their relations
  • Orders of magnitude
  • Data interpretation
  • Data sufficiency etc

All the candidates who would qualify the UPSC Preliminary Examination will only be allowed to appear for the UPSC Mains Exam.

UPSC Mains Exam Pattern:

PaperTitle of the PaperMarks Allotted 
Paper 1Essay writing250 Marks
Paper 2General Studies I250 Marks
Paper 3General Studies  II250 Marks
Paper 4General Studies  III250 Marks
Paper 5General Studies  IV250 Marks
Paper 6Optional Subject  Paper  1250 Marks
Paper 7Optional Subject  Paper 2250 Marks

In the Mains Paper of the UPSC, A candidate will have to appear for the 6 paper as you can see above. The complete is in descriptive form.  Here are the details about the syllabus of this.

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UPSC Mains Syllabus 2020:

There is a total of 7 papers in the Union Public Service Commission Mains Examination and out of which two papers are optional. You must download the UPSC Mains Syllabus in PDF. It would be hard to memorize the complete syllabus at a time. Here are the details about each paper:

Paper 1: Essay Writing (A candidate can write in his chosen medium).

Paper 2: General Studies I

  • Indian Heritage
  • Indian Culture
  • History
  • Geography of the World and Society

Paper 3: General Studies II

  • Constitution of India
  • Constitutional Analysis of the world
  • Parliament and Legislatures
  • Key issues faced by the nation and solutions
  • Welfare Schemes by the Government
  • Department and Structures in Government

Paper 4: General Studies III

  • Indian Economy
  • Farming
  • Science
  • Research and Development
  • Information Technology
  • Environmental Studies
  • Achievements in various fields
  • Security Challenges
  • Industrial Growth
  • Infrastructural developments

Paper 5: General Studies IV:

  • Ethics in Public Administration
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Behavioral Analysis
  • Functional Values

Paper 6 and 7: Optional (A candidate is free to choose any subjects from the given names below):

  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • Indian History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology

These are the complete syllabus of the UPSC Examination. Obviously, the Mains examination is tougher than the Preliminary. A candidate will have to prepare better for this. You must download the Complete UPSC Syllabus in Pdf. It would be better. Here is the list of the best books for the preparation of the UPSC Examination that are suggested by the experts.

UPSC Combined Geo-Scientist Syllabus and Exam Pattern 

Best Books for Mains Exam preparation:
Name of SubjectsName of the BookName of Author or Publisher
HistoryAncient IndiaRS Sharma
HistoryModern IndiaSatish Chandra Mittal
HistoryHistory Of Modern IndiaBipan Chandra
PolityThe Constitution of India PM Bakshi
EconomyIndian Economy Mishra and Puri
EnvironmentEnvironmental Studies: From Crisis to CureRajagopalan 
EnvironmentEnvironment for Civil Services Prelims and MainsKhullar
Science and TechnologyScience and Technology in IndiaTMH
EnglishHigh School English Grammar and Composition Wren and Martin
General StudiesIAS Mains G.SAshish Bharti (IPS)

There are a variety of books available in the marks, you can buy any of them as per your comfort. You can also check the online study Material or Books. That may cost you less as compared to the handbooks. The syllabus is too much to prepare accordingly.