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What is Veto Power of President of India

The President is the first person in the country. He/she has a lot of commanding power that he can command in one say. We are not aware of most of the power. Here in this article, I am going to share with you the complete details about the Indian President’s power and especially What is Veto Power of President of India. I have discussed this in detail and have shared all the information about this and types of the Veto power of Indian president. Check out the complete article below to get complete information about this.

What is Veto Power of President of India

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What is Veto Power of President of India:

In an easy way, the veto power is the special power of the Indian President. When a bill passes in the Indian Parliament, It can not become an Act without the President’s permission. The president of India has the power to approve the bill to become an Act or can reject that bill. This power of the president is called Veto Power.  Now let’s see the types of Veto Power of Indian President.


There are basically three types of the Veto power of the president and each type is different and gives special power in it under Article 111.

  • Absolute Veto
  • Suspensive Veto
  • Pocket Veto

Let’s see the details of the Absolute Veto, Suspensive veto and Pocket veto Powers in detail.

Absolute Veto:

The fact about the absolute veto is: when the president of India uses the Absolute veto, He/she rejects the bill and it does not become Act.  Even after it is passed by the parliament of India. The president uses the veto power in the condition:

  • When the bill is passed by the parliament is a Private Member Bill.
  • When the cabinet resigns before the presidents and the new cabinet can advise the president not to accent the bill passed by the old cabinet.

The first time Absolute Veto was used by the President Dr Rajendra Prasad in 1954 and last it was used by President R Venkataraman in 1991.

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Suspensive Veto:

The Suspensive Veto is used by the president of India when he returns the bill to the parliament for the reconsideration.

  • If the parliament resends the bill with or without any amendment, The president of India will have to approve the bill and he cannot use any veto power in this situation.
  • When the parliament resends the Bill to the President. The president only has to see the ordinary majority of the bill not higher majority.
  • A president can not exercise the Suspensive Veto Power in case of a Money Bill.

Pocket Vito:

Under the pocket Veto, The president can keep the bill for pending for the indefinite period of time. he neither rejects the bill nor returns the bill for the consideration. The constitution does not give any time limit to act on the bill. The president uses his pocket veto when he doesn’t have to look upon the bill.

This rule was taken from the United States of America but the US President has to act on the bill within 10 days but the Indian President has no time limit.

The Veto power was last used by President Zail Singh in the year 1986. The president cannot use the Veto Power in case of Constitutional Amendment Bill.

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Veto Power Over State Legislation:

The President has the power to direct the Governor of the state to reserve the Certain bill for the consideration of the President. There are two conditions when the Governor has to keep the bill for the consideration of the president.

  1. If the bill derogates the High Court and endangers its position.
  2. The law made by State Legislature wrt Estates and property acquisition requires the assent of the president.

Article 201 of the Constitution about the rule of the President in State’s Bills. It clearly states that the president has 3 choices in this condition.

  • He Assents to the Bill.
  • He withholds Assets(provided that the Bill is not Money Bill).
  • The president May Direct the governor to return to the bill to the Assembly.
  • No obligation on the president if the bill reaches to the president for the second time.

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This is the Veto Power of the President of India. He has also many commanding power that he can give in one say. There is no one above to counter that order.

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